Optimal Size and Location of Piezoelectric Actuators/Sensors: Practical Considerations


Aldraihem O. J., Singh, T., & Wetherhold, R. C.


Journal of Guidance, Control and Dynamics, 23(3), 509-515, 2000.


The problem of obtaining the optimal size and location of piezoelectric actuator/sensors is addressed. An optimization problem is formulated for a general beam that has arbitrary boundary conditions and may have as many piezoelectric actuators as desired. The proposed optimization criterion is based on a beam modal cost and controllability index. If the size of the actuator is unbounded, it frequently is optimal if it covers most, if not all, of the length of the beam. This is not realistic because there are cost, weight, and space factors to be considered. By adding a penalty term to the criterion, the size of the actuator/sensor can be reduced to a practical and reasonable size. Thus, there is no need to preselect the size of the actuator/sensor. The optimal size and location for beams with various boundary conditions are determined for a single pair and for two pairs of actuators. The results are in very good agreement with those reported by other investigators. A comparison is also made between the performance of two pairs of actuators and the performance of a single pair for control of the same number of modes. The improvement in performance with two pairs is quantified.

   Author = {O. Aldraihem, T. Singh, R. C. Wetherhold},
   Journal = {AIAA Guidance, Control and Dynamics},
   Month = {May},
   Pages = {509-515},
   Title = {Optimal Size and Location of Piezoelectric Actuators/Sensors: Practical Considerations},
   Volume = {23},
   Number = {3},
   Year = {2000}